Firewood BTU Ratings

Victoria Firewood Burning Chart

Here is a complete chart of many species commonly found in North America that are used as firewood. Measurements for energy values are presented in millions of BTU’s per cord. The most common logs used for firewood in Victoria, BC are Douglas Fir, Big Leaf Maple, Alder and Arbutus.

Firewood Burning Rates Chart in BTU’s
Common Name Species Name Weight in Pounds
Alder, Red or White Alnus rubra or rhombifolia 2,380 14.8
Apple Malus domestica 3,485 21.6
Ash, Black Fraxinus nigra 2,890 17.9
Ash, Green Fraxinus pennsylvanica 3,400 21.1
Ash, Oregon Fraxinus latifolia 3,230 20
Ash, White Fraxinus americana 3,485 21.6
Aspen, American (Poplar) Populus tremuloides 2,210 13.7
Basswood (Linden) Tilia americana 2,210 13.7
Beech, American Fagus grandifolia 3,655 22.7
Beech, Blue (Ironwood) Carpinus caroliniana 3,825 23.7
Birch, Black Betula lenta 3,910 24.2
Birch, Gray Betula populifolia 3,145 19.5
Birch, White (Paper) Betula papyrifera 3,230 20
Birch, Yellow Betula alleghaniensis 3,570 22.1
Boxelder (Maple Ash) Acer negundo 2,890 17.9
Catalpa (Catawba) Catalpa speciosa 2,380 14.8
Cherry, Black Prunus serotina 3,145 19.5
Coffeetree, Kentucky Gymnocladus dioicus 3,060 19
Dogwood, Pacific Cornus nuttallii 3,995 24.8
Elm, American Ulmus americana 2,975 18.4
Elm, Red Ulmus rubra 3,060 19
Elm, White (Russian) Ulmus laevis 2,890 17.9
Eucalyptus (Red Gum) Eucalyptus camaldulensis 2,975 18.4
Fir, Concolor (White) Abies concolor 2,295 14.2
Fir, Douglas Pseudotsuga menzies II 2,805 17.4
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis 3,145 19.5
Hemlock Pinaceae tsuga 2,465 15.3
Hickory, Bitternut Carya cordiformis 3,825 23.7
Hickory, Shagbark Carya ovata 4,080 25.3
Holly, American Ilex Opaca 3,995 24.8
Hop Hornbeam (Ironwood) Ostrya virginiana 4,250 26.4
Juniper, Rocky Mtn Juniperus scopulorum 3,145 19.5
Locust, Black Robinia pseudoacacia 3,740 23.2
Locust, Honey Gleditsia triacanthos 3,825 23.7
Madrone, Pacific (Arbutus) Arbutus menziesii 3,825 23.7
Maple, Big Leaf Acer macrophyllum 2,890 17.9
Maple, Black Acer nigrum 3,400 21.1
Maple, Red Acer rubrum 3,230 20
Maple, Silver Acer saccharinum 2,805 17.4
Maple, Sugar Acer saccharum 3,740 23.2
Mulberry Morus rubra 3,740 23.2
Myrtle, Oregon (Pepperwood) Umbellularia californica 3,485 21.6
Oak, Bur (Mossycup) Quercus macrocarpa 3,655 22.7
Oak, Oregon (Garry) Quercus garryana 3,655 22.7
Oak, Post Quercus stellata 3,825 23.7
Oak, Red Quercus rubra 3,570 22.1
Oak, White Quercus alba 3,910 24.2
Osage Orange (Hedge) Maclura pomifera 4,845 30
Persimmon, American Diospyros virginiana 4,165 25.8
Pine, Jack (Canadian) Pinus banksiana 2,380 14.8
Pine, Lodgepole Pinus contora latifolia 2,465 15.3
Pine, Norway (Red) Pinus resinosa 2,890 17.9
Pine, Pitch Pinus rigida 2,635 16.3
Pine, Ponderosa Pinus ponderosa 2,380 14.8
Pine, White (Idaho) Pinus monticola 2,236 14.3
Sorrel (Sourwood) Oxydendrum arboreum 3,060 19
Spruce, Black Picea mariana 2,465 15.3
Spruce, Sitka Picea sitchensis 2,380 14.8
Sycamore, American Platanus occidentalis 2,890 17.9
Tamarack (Larch) Larix laricina 3,145 19.5
Walnut, Black Juglans nigra 3,230 20
Willow Salix 2,295 14.2

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